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resizer-small.pngCZ Pre HS Inst Grp

About the school

Director’s message

February 20th 2019

Preparing Ourselves for Opening Classes of the Second Stage of Elementary School 

For the period of 9 school years, Duhovka Elementary had the designation "elementary school with the first stage only". This will no longer be true as of September 2019 because we will add the sixth year Grade 6 to our current five years, as of September 2020 Grade 7, gradually forming an elementary school fully covering all 9 years of education. The decision leading to it was not easy to make. The main constraint that we faced was the school space currently available where we have been feeling that already with our 5 years the building has been filled almost "to the brim" and that it is just not possible to place anyone new in the building anymore. Nevertheless, a solution has been found, the main advantage of which is the organization of instruction in multiple-grade classes – three grades in one class. We will manage to open yet another class and since September the sixth graders will have their instructions in classes together with fourth graders and fifth graders, in accordance with the Montessori philosophy.

However great the number of changes will be introduced to our school with opening Grade 6, it will still only be an easier procedure for us. An even greater challenge is the opening of the last group of three-grade classes, i.e. Grades 7 – 9. It is really not possible to fit this last group of multiple-grade classes in the Nad Kajetánkou building, we plan to place it in the school building in Boleslavova Street, where we have one floor rented and where a larger part of our high school had previously resided. Here classrooms have already been reconstructed, the nature of this building is perfect for older children because this is a grand school building, with the genius loci of a more academic and more adult atmosphere.

To "build" part of the school "on a greenfield site" is a task, which is difficult but also full of joy because its creators face only a few limitations. This is an opportunity for us to create living space for a community of about 60 children and their teachers, to take advantage of all the benefits and possibilities of the Montessori system, to combine classes and subjects so that learning would make most sense and to come up with such solutions so that the instruction would also be connected with practical life as well as academically challenging. And, of course, to find the best teaching staff to make this happen.

We are preparing the second stage especially for all children who do not want or cannot go to high school because either they did not overcome entrance exam barrier for any reason or they do not even want to take these exams. They will have their desire to stay at Duhovka in common with each other. It means for them and for their parents that a weight will be lifted from their heart, as they would not have to feel the imperative of "either you will succeed in the entrance exam or you must leave Duhovka". And, of course, we hope that we will also be able to accept some children outside of Duhovka who will be interested in joining us.

This is a new phase for us, which brings about the feeling of inserting the last missing piece of the puzzle called Duhovka. Although ... maybe the word "last" should not be used as who knows what else we will come up with in the future :-)


Jindrich Kitzberger
Your School Director

March 1st, 2018

An Informed Parent

I don’t know exactly what the reason behind that is, but the parents that come to our school with an application form and a desire for their child to be admitted, are more informed, knowledgeable, and insightful year after year. They have both a broad perspective and a more specific idea of how our classes work, what our thoughts on education are, what Montessori approach means and how a bilingual school works. It is true that we try to share this information by all means and tools available. We consider it of utmost importance that parents are fully aware of which educational system they are entrusting their child to, what our goals are, and what the philosophy of our approach towards children and education is. Should there be a significant discrepancy n the school’s and the family’s  approach to these topics, our cooperation would be difficult and the child itself would be in a difficult position.

For this reason, we organize Open House days, where we talk to our parents individually, discussion evenings for parents interested in our school, and days of observation in class. We have individual meetings with all parents who submit an application to our school with the purpose to make sure that our school can provide what the parents are looking for and need. We aim at both parents being present at these meetings, as harmony between them is part of the key to success. And it is these meetings (this year, there were around 70!) we see that – in comparison to the situation 5-6 years ago – parents have more information about our school. Not only that – they know how Montessori system works and what our philosophy is. The description of important principles we share with parents in writing before these meetings surely helps with that. However, I am certain that the current generation of parents also studies information available more carefully, diligently and systematically. They come to the Open House days, read literature available, come for observations…

Every year, we organize several seminars for the parents of our current students where we explain the Montessori approach and methodology in more detail. There definitely is room for improvement – we would be happy if more parents participated in these seminars, as a deeper understanding of how we work with children can support the synergy between the school and the family and provide parents with ideas on what they should communicate with their children about and how and how to support them. I understand that methodology is
a topic of study of the teachers and parents may think that they do not need to master such professional skills. Nevertheless, Montessori is not only about methodology or didactics, it is an overall approach to upbringing and education; it is a philosophy that has an overall influence over the life of the child. The child we meet at school is not a different child to that the parents take home – at least most of the times…


Jindrich Kitzberger
Your School Director

October 1st, 2017

The Phenomenon of Homework And How To Go About It In a Czech Montessori School

I think that the question “Have you finished your homework yet?” is such an indispensable part of our family life and school life (I am talking about the Czech environment and probably also the European as well as the non-European Western cultural environment to a certain extent), that it cannot go without a reaction when  posed to any adult or schoolchild.
A substance responsible for a specific emotion always begins to be produced fast or the neurons make a connection related to the phenomenon of homework long ago. Obviously, there are people who remember homework with joy (nevertheless, according to my subjective observations, there are not many), others still suffer from terrible nightmares, and the majority luckily falls in between these two extremes, closer to one end or the other. In any case, a family with at least one schoolchild is rarely free of the worries related to homework, and even though as the children grow older, the responsibility is gradually shifted on to them, the above-mentioned question can practically be heard around until they reach maturity. Nevertheless, there is the exception of schools where there is no homework.

Our school doesn’t belong to those (and I think that in our educational system school with no homework are rare exceptions), and there are some good as well as less than great reasons behind that. Anyway, before this school year began, we discussed this topic intensely again (last year, we also discussed it with parents) and wondered if we should make any changes to our system. The core of the problem that complicates the discussion and its conclusions is that the opinions of all participants are very varied. Moreover, the dividing line between these opinions does not lie between teachers and parents but teachers and teachers as well as parents and parents. We had had some clear and extreme requests for
a complete cancellation of homework as well as requests for an increase in both the volume and the frequency of homework (in this case, expressed mainly by parents).

I must add that Montessori schools in general tend rather to eliminate traditional homework, and research and scientific findings show that especially with small children, homework has practically no influence on their successes at school. On the other hand, there is a number of teachers who (completely understandably) worry that without home preparation and practicing concepts in the children’s free time, some knowledge and skills might not be solidified enough for them to be really mastered (usually, math operations, grammatical phenomena, etc. are mentioned). Sometimes, I also hear arguments that “a child has to get used to having duties outside of the school as well, they need to prepare themselves and study independently” but I consider these to be quite meaningless (due to a lack a space, I will not go into detail now). Parents often demand homework, as to them, their existence is
a sign of the school being “normal” or everything being in order, or it is a tool of control over both the child and the school. Homework is an opportunity to find out what the child
is currently studying at school and what they should have learned. It serves the purpose of verification that the school meets the curriculum etc. I am convinced that all of these functions can be served by different means and that on order to feel secure we do not have to go through all that drama that is often a part of completing homework.

To draw this article to a close – no, we haven’t decided to abandon homework at our school. We have decided for a Montessori take on them (after all, what else can we do, if we want to be a Montessori school J). We want to give as much freedom to our teachers as possible while having a clear school-wide policy at the same time. We want to free all families of children crying and grinding their teeth above homework and keep space for truly meaningful home work of the children, or work that is natural and supports their learning at school. This shall not be achieved through traditional homework that everybody remembers from the time we attended school ourselves (I will put aside the specifics of children in upper elementary who are preparing for the entrance exams to high schools).

These are examples of what might be assigned instead of “homework” (our parents have a full list of activities):

  • Plan a visit to the local library once a week. Spend at least an hour looking at books, catalogues, magazines.
  • Go to bookstores regularly. Create a list of good bookstores in your neighborhood and try to visit each at least once. This is the only way to find out what type of books each of them offers.
  • Consider joining a reading club/competition in your library.
  • Write a description of your friend, their house, a pet, a favorite place, place you visited during the holidays (in English).
  • Find a newspaper article to read to your family and discuss it together. Schedule a specific time and place for the talk.
  • Choose a story to practice reading out loud. Practice pronunciation of all words. When you are reading, try to use a different voice for each character. Use your voice to make the story more interesting.
  • Turn on some peaceful music on your player (Bach, Mozart, Satie, Gregorian songs) and try to write in both cursive and print as beautifully as possible.
  • Create a statistics and a graph of when you go to bed, how many pages you read every day, how far you walk every day, how much water do you drink every day, how often your friends visit you, how long you take to each breakfast, how fast you can run around a block of houses, how many math problems you can solve in one minute.
  • Measure things you can find around the house and calculate their surface area and volume. Go to the park and do the same.
  • Help with the family budget. Record family expenses during a week. Help your parents with payments (make online payments with their help).
  • Play games that support thinking, such as chess. Learn to record the game. Learn to play correspondence chess with your friends (write your moves on a postcard or in a letter).
  • Solve math problems at home. Consider organizing a math training that will take more than a week for yourself.
  • Any time you visit a new city, visit a zoo or an aquarium or a local natural history museum.
  • Choose a continent you would like to know more about. If you cannot decide, start with Europe. Use the atlas and make card with all countries that can be found on the continent. Write the name of the country on one side and the capital side on the other. Learn all of them by heart. Continue with another continent.
  • Try some of the ideas listed on the San Francisco Exploratorium: website

Even though we have made progress in the discussion about homework, I believe we will be coming back to this topic. This topic stay alive forever :-)

Jindrich Kitzberger
Your School Director

September 1st, 2017

The School Year Begins and We Know Where We Are Headed

At the beginning of the school year, I think I could share the priorities we have set for ourselves this year publicly. Such priorities are usually considered to be the school’s internal subject matter, that is probably how it works for companies as well, but as I am thinking about it, we undoubtedly already are “mature” enough to be able to share the topics publicly. This way, I would also like to appreciate our teachers, who got the change to set these priorities, and they did an extraordinary job. Obviously, this doesn’t mean that the school and its management do not have any other goals and tasks ahead of themselves but the 3 main priorities were pointed out as something that is current and important and something we all want to work on.

The first priority is building school community (some people may associate the word “building” with specific historical contexts but we shall return to the original meaning of the word). This surely is something we have been working out throughout the whole history of the school – by any means, school community is created and solidified through any common activity, through the life of the school as such. However, we are now more aware of the fact that the community that we aim for does not simply come into being; we have to take care of it patiently and systematically, to support it, and think about what we want it to be like. In relation to that, we came up with a number of topics we want to deal with intensely: openness, honesty and mutual support, peace education (one of the core topics of the Montessori philosophy, that shall be explored in more detail sometime in the future), support of sharing, interconnectedness between the school and the after-school center, the parents’ and children’s involvement in the life of the school, clarification of rules, or provision of a peaceful environment for everybody.

The second priority of this year shall be “outdoor learning”. We are mainly thinking about our garden, which presents great opportunities for using the area during instruction time in the future. We want to work on it gradually so that it becomes another part of the Montessori “prepared environment” and the teachers and children as well as the after-school center are able to use it as a place where learning can happen. In this moment, we are looking for inspiration of various sorts, collecting ideas, and our goal is that all classes use the garden during instruction time in the course of the year. However, in broader terms, “outdoor learning” does not only mean teaching outside instead of inside but also taking advantage of the world outside of the classrooms. These, in our school, create a beautiful environment supporting the learning process. Nevertheless, they cannot replace everything that can be found “out there”.

The third priority is supporting children with special education needs. It may seem that this priority is directed to a small percentage of children with “officially recognized” special needs. We are creating a special manual for the education of these children, and we want to improve cooperation of all experts available to our school and their efforts (teachers, psychologists, special education teachers). Teachers themselves are very interested in further education in the area of special education. Nevertheless, it would be a great simplification to think that this topic only relates to those children the adults have set a diagnosis for (or, they reached the conclusion that a diagnosis can help in their particular case). There is a number of other children who have “special” needs and if we learn to understand those, we will be able to help those children more (in a sense, we all have our special education needs – I myself am aware of mine every day :-) ). Moreover, only when we are able to support each child so well that we compensate for their disadvantages and teach them to respect the disadvantages of others and help others, will we create a just and equal school community. Thus, we are back with the priority number 1! :-)

Jindřich Kitzberger
Your School Director

April 11th, 2016

Observations at School – The Best Way of Explaining How a Montessori Class Works

Somebody who came for an observation in class recently said: “The visit was great, thank you so much for organizing it – we were in Lower as well as Upper Elementary and for me personally it was a mind-blowing experience. Honestly, as I actually had only experienced traditional education, I couldn’t really get my head around out how well this works. Clearly, there’s hell of a lot of work behind it.”

About one third to one half of parents who show interest in their child being admitted to our school have already witnessed what Montessori education looks like in practice: some of them in a Montessori preschool (although the word “education” feels somewhat inappropriate in connection to preschool, in reality the way children learn there is quite similar to the way they learn in the elementary), some of them by various ways of fate which brought them to Montessori pedagogy or to a Montessori school (possibly abroad). However, those who come to us without any prior experience often cannot imagine the reality of a Montessori classroom and application of Montessori principles in practice.

We always try to provide these parents with all information available; we show them around the school, we explain things... Nevertheless, although we try to describe everything faithfully, it is still only words. Probably the most effective way of showing what happens in a Montessori classroom, what the role of a teacher is and how children learn, is to show people some relevant part of the day – live. Everybody, having spent 1-2 hours in a functioning Montessori classroom, gets a very good idea which cannot be conveyed by any explanations.

That is why we allow observations in classes, so that parents (as well as interested public) have the chance to see everything with their own eyes, to experience their own “Montessori morning”, even before they send us a binding application form on behalf of their child. After these visits, we see most our visitors experiencing the “effect of discovery”, as they suddenly realize what the essence of the Montessori program is and how very different the organization of a class is when compared to a traditional school. After that, is becomes much easier to explain the details and at the same time, much more insightful questions that go into more depth are posed to us.

After the first couple of years, when we allowed observations basically any time by arrangement, we had to – because of the ever growing number of people interested – introduce some regulation after all. We have concentrated this opportunity into 1-2 days a month. These dates are specified in advance for the whole year in the school calendar. All participants sign up in advance in the office and on the given day visitors are divided into groups that visit the individual classes. Visitors receive rules of observation; the observation lasts 1-2 hours followed with a short time for explanations and questions. This year, we have had around 80 visitors in classes already. It is quite demanding for the school but it is probably the most effective way of explaining what we actually do at the same timeJ!

Your School Director

March 16th, 2016

Czech Myths about Montessori

Once, a parent of a child that was applying to the school surprised me with a couple of systematic questions dealing with the topic of individualization vs. collective education in Montessori. They stemmed from feedback he got from his friends, many of whom shared the idea that the Montessori system of education artificially keeps children on the same level in order not to compare them among themselves. Thus, there seems to be (at least to a certain extent) an opinion held by parents that in the Montessori system, schools actively prevent some children from showing significant differences in their results, advances in learning, knowledge and skills – basically prevent a group of children from having diverse results. I had not come across this interpretation until that conversation. However, the parent was very interested in how we actually proceed and claimed that he had met a number of people with this opinion. Thus, it seems that we can list this idea among other myths that exist around Montessori which we need to talk about when trying to popularize our educational system.

I was taken by surprise a little by the absurdity of the idea. As it happens with myths, there is something true used as a basis and wrong conclusions are drawn from it. The awareness of the fact that we do not compare children in the Montessori system is the valid basis here; we inhibit competition and focus on the individual learning progress or the comparison of results of the same child in different points in time (the extent and areas of progress are compared with the previous state).  However, there is a wrong conclusion being drawn – in order not to compare children among themselves, in order for us (and the children) not to be tempted to do so, we are trying to keep the group as homogenous as possible, or to make sure that the children’s results are not significantly different from each other and their progress is about the same. It is paradoxical, that by doing so we would seemingly also achieve the goal – there is no reason to compare, all children are the same.

However, in reality we are doing quite the opposite! By establishing a learning process with high individualization, we focus on supporting each child to reach their personal maximum (at a given time), and we also create an environment where the child’s attention is not diverted from learning to comparisons with other children’s performance; it focuses on the child’s own abilities and interests, on their inner motivation and comparison with themselves (i.e. on the progress that has taken place in time). We are stemming from the presumption that learning is not a discipline for competition. It is not about winning over others (that would only be a relative success, as it depends on the performance of the others and not on how good I am myself), but about good inner feeling caused by having learnt something new. In Montessori, each child has their own individual plan of development and the opportunity to advance in a pace set by their ability at the given time. And we see every day that children go deeper and deeper with great interest, plunging into the topic that caught their interest. There is no reason for us to hold any children back in anything, as they perceive the differences among themselves as natural and are not motivated to look for comparison criteria (and the teacher does not encourage them to do so, for example by giving them grades, which as a matter of course always turns attention to comparisons). If a child sees that their classmate knows more than them in some area, it can lead to admiration and ambition to get to the same place once, but rarely to the feeling that says “I am worse than somebody else”.

With that I want to say, that our pedagogical goal is to guide each child as far and as deep as possible. We know that there is the right time for everything with each child and the fact that their level of knowledge and skills is very diverse does not pose a problem to us (besides, there are children from 2-3 grades in each class!). We are put under the obligation to reach certain minimum knowledge by the state curriculum; it is up to us and our children to reach the maximum…

Your School Director

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